bodies gender health disease recent work on medieval women’s medicine

En imagen de ‘Trotula’ from a 14th-century French encyclopedia; the caption traslates: ‘How the woman teaches the clerk the secrets of nature’. Rennes, Biblioteca municipal, MS. 593 (produced 1303), folio 532r. Image credit: Bibliothèque virtuelle de las manuscritos médiévaux. © 2013 Centro de recherche et d’histoire des textes. / La Bibliothèque Virtuelle des Manuscritos Médiévaux, Creative Commons

Medicina had become highly profesionalized by la late Middle Ages and was patriarchal, but women like Trotula persisted.


  • Benton, John F. “Trotula, Women’s Problems, y la Profesionalización de Medicine in the Middle Ages.” Butlletí of the History of Medicine 59, no. 1. (Spring1985): 30-53.
  • Bullough, Vern L. “Status and Medieval Medicine.” Journal of Health and Human Behavior 2, no. 3 (Autumn, 1961): partido popular. 204-210.
  • Voy a caber, Montserrat. “¿Women oro Healers? Household Practices and Categories of Health Care in Late Medieval Iberia.” Butlletí of the History of Medicine 82, no. 1, Special Issue: Women, Health, and Healing in Early Modern Europe. (Spring 2008): 18-51.
  • Casey, Abigail “Magic and Medicine in Man’s World: Medieval Woman as both Healer and Witch.” Proceedings de la National Conference On Undergraduate Research (NCUR) 2016 (April 7-9, 2016): 1515-1524.
  • .” Butlletí of the History of Medicine, Vol. 27, No. 1 (January-February, 1953), 1-20.
  • Fisell, Mary Y también. “Introduction: Women, Health, and Healing in Early Modern Europe.” Folleto of the History of Medicine 82 (February 2008): 1-17. DOI: diez.1353/bhm.2008.0024.
  • Green, Monica. “Women’s Medical Practice and Health Care in Medieval Europe.” Signos 14, no. 2, Working Together in the Middle Ages: Perspectivas on Women’s Communities (Winter, 1989): 434-473.
  • Green, Monica H. “Gendering the History of Women’s Healthcare.” Gender & History, 20 no.3 (Noviembre 2008): 487–518. Pages. Special_Issue_20_no._3_November_20
  • Green, Monica H. “Getting to the Source: Case of Jacoba Felicie and the Impact of the Portable Medieval Reader on the Canon of Medieval Women’s History.” Medieval Feminist Forum: En Journal of Gender and Sexuality 42, no. 1 (2006): 49-62.
  • Green, Monica H. Making Women’s Medicine Masculine: El Rise of Male Authority in Pre-Modern Gynaecology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.
  • Gold, Penny S. “En Medieval Tapestry.” Review de Small Sound of the Trumpet: Women in Medieval Life, by Margaret Wade Labarge. The Women’s Review of Books. 4, No. 6 (Mar., 1987), p. 15.
  • Le Doeuff, Michèle. The Sex of Knowing. Trans. Kathryn Hamer and Lorraine Code. New York: Taylor & Francis, 2003.
  • Livingston, Ryleigh S. “Women in Medicine: Past, Present, & Future.” Honores Thesis, Southern Illinois University Carbondale, 2015.
  • Medieval Medicine: A Reader. ed. Faith Wallis, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, Higher Education Division, 2019.
  • Minkowsli, William L. American Journal of Public Health 82, no. 2 (February 1992): 288-295.
  • Ross, James Bruce, y Mary Martin McLaughlin The Portable Medieval Reader. New York: Penguin Classics, 1977.
  • Schmermund, Elizabeth. Women in Technology. New York: Enslow Pub Inc, 2017.

MARIEL TISHMA es la Executive Editorial Assistant at Hektoen International. Se han anunciado en Hektoen International, Bloodbond, Argot Magazine, Syntax and Salt, The Artifice y Fickle Muses. Su graduación from Columbia College Chicago con BA en creative writing and minor in biology. Learn more at

Broadening the field

El inconveniente de la gendera de imbalanza en la resolución-making echelons de la healthcare es un endémico one. Consulting firma Oliver Wyman, que, en 2019, women compresed only 33 por ciento de senior liderazgo con healthcare providers and insurers despide making up 65 por ciento de healthcare workforce y 80 por ciento de healthcare consumers.

Gulf, que hay entre las mujeres que atempting por understand y para sus bodas y los pequeños en las situaciones de liderazgo, que dictarán el manner, que este es el que tragicomically ejemplariza en 2002 women’s health production on the reality espectáculo Dragon’s Den (think Europe’s Shark Tank). El merchandise, calle Pink Gloves, radica en contar con plastic glove designado por “hygienically” remove tampones and menstrual products. Lo que, en el curso, pointlessly gendered a baby pink s ‘girly’ love-heart embossed ostentatiously on its frente. El producto, que incluía plethora of problematic, stigmatic undertons entrenching stereotypes sobre “unclean” periodos (las well committing fairly obvious acts de environmental vandalismo para hacer entirely un preciso para contar con plastic) que given to the tune of 30,00.

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